Albuterol (albuterol sulfate) is related to the pharmacological group of bronchodilators. It is manufactured and sold under a variety of names – Salbutamol and Ventolin
are the best-known ones. The medication is used for quick relieving of conditions caused by the respiratory system disorders, including asthma, bronchoconstriction and COPD. Also it can be used for bronchospasm prevention in people suffering from chronic obstruction airway disease and exercise-induced bronchospasm. Albuterol as well as its generics is a prescribed-only medicine.
Mechanism of action
The active ingredient of the medicine is Albuterol
, which affects directly the nervous system when taken inside. It has a prominent effect on bronchus, widening them through relaxation of airways. Thanks to this a spasm is reversed and oxygen gets access to the lungs.
Albuterol is commonly produced in the dosage form of inhalation, but it is also available as tablets or even syrup for oral taking. Inhalation is indicated to adults and children after 4 years old, while pills and syrup can be taken by children from 2 years. One dose of albuterol inhalation contains 2 or 4 mg of the active ingredient. One pill contains from 4 to 8 mg of the active ingredient. Irrespective of the dosage form, adults and children older than 12, should take it 3-4 times a day.
Like any other medication, albuterol can cause some adverse effects. Though commonly they are not severe, one should be aware of the possibility of negative effects. Common side effects include:
• headache, dryness in the mouth, vomiting;
• muscle spasms/cramps;
• arrhythmia, tachycardia, jumps in blood pressure, flashing, myocardial ischemia;
• insomnia; anxiety; depression;
• allergic reaction to the components (rarely).
How to Take
Always take albuterol and its analogues in strict adherence to your doctor’s recommendations. Self-medication is unacceptable. Never share your drug with anybody. Dose and frequency of taking depends on the patient’s condition, age and other variables. Keep in mind that overdosing can cause severe side effects, some of which can even become fatal.
If you have any serious health disorders, such as heart problems, chronic diseases of unstable blood pressure, tell your doctor about it. If you are taking some medications, inform the specialist as well, because albuterol can interact with certain medicines. If you need albuterol on a regular basis (for example, if you are asthmatic), don’t way until you’re run of the drug. Try to buy it in advance.