XL is an extended release medicine and a macrolide antibiotic. It used for the treatment of respiratory infections caused by bacteria. The medicine prevents the bacteria from growing. The medicine is not used for viral infections. Clarithromycin XL is available under the brand name Biaxin
XL. Other brand names of clarithromycin are Crixan, Clarac, Klacid
, Klabax, Clacid, Vikrol, Infex, Claridar and many other brands. The medicine is used for the treatment of bacterial infections of the throat, sinus, ear, and skin. It is also used for bronchitis and pneumonia, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, legionellosis and lyme disease. The medicine is used for the treatment of HIV infection. Clarithromycin XL is used along with other medicines for the treatment of bacteria that causes digestive tract ulcers.
Some side effects of clarithromycin XL are diarrhea, gas, heartburn, headache, nausea, vomiting, taste changes, headache, and stomach upset. There can be dizziness, confusion, and disorientation. Some serious side effects of the medicine are loss of hearing and mood changes. The patient should contact a doctor immediately if he has any of the above symptoms. In rare cases, the medicine may cause some serious side effects like fainting and fast heartbeat, symptoms of new infection, fever, skin rashes, weakness in muscles, watery and bloody diarrhea, severe abdominal pain, dark colored urine, yellow eyes and skin, persistent nausea and vomiting, and urine amount changes. In rare cases, the medicine may cause severe intestinal disorder. Consult a doctor immediately if there are symptoms of persistent diarrhea, stomach pain and if there is blood or mucus in the stools. The patient should stop the use of the medicine if he feels irregular heartbeat, severe allergic reaction, and severe skin reaction. Biaxin XL may cause QT prolongation, a condition affecting the heart rhythm. This can lead to fast and irregular heartbeat. The patient must tell the doctor if he has history of heart problems.
Clarithromycin dose for adults is 250-500 mg, which is taken two times daily for one to two weeks. If the patient is using the extended release tablet, he should take a dose of 1000 mg once daily. The usual dose of the medicine for HIV infection is 500 mg, which is taken twice daily. The recommended dose for children is 15 mg for each kilogram of the weight of the child. The dose for HIV infection is 7.5 mg per kg of weight of the child. The patient should take the extended release tablet with food. When taken with food, it prevents the problem of stomach upset.
If the patient has kidney and liver disease, he should discuss the effect of Biaxin XL on his condition. The medicine can cause or worsen myasthenia gravis. If there are symptoms of doub le vision, muscle weakness, problem in chewing, swallowing, and drooping eyelids, the patient should contact the doctor. The oral suspension of Biaxin Xl should not be given to children who are less than six months of age. The oral suspension should not be given to children who are less than three years of age for the treatment of pneumonia. The clarithromycin tablets are not safe and effective for children who are below twelve years of age.